Busan-Geoje Project Management - Management Assignment Sample

Management Assignment Sample on Busan-Geoje Block-Buster Project Management

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Management Assignment Question

Your task is to analyze an actual project. You can choose one of two options for your assignment task:
Option 1. Propose a new project. This could be a potential new project that you or your organization have in mind.
Option 2. Appraise an existing or past project. This could be any one of these:
– Appraisal of an activity you believe would be improved by managing as a project; or
– Appraisal of an existing work project you are currently involved with; or
– Appraisal of an activity you were involved with in the past that you believe could have been (better) managed as a project.

Write a report about your project.

Your report should include:

  • A brief description of the organizational setting and the project environment to ensure the reader understands the context in which the project is set.
  • An outline of the objectives of the project and the importance of the project to the organization.
  • A detailed overview and analysis of the use of relevant project management concepts, tools and techniques demonstrating knowledge and understanding of project management as covered in the subject. This section should comprise the main part of your assignment.

The analysis should cover the following as a minimum:
How the project should be defined
How project times and costs are estimated
A discussion of the project plan
The management of project risk
Resource scheduling
Project team issues
Project performance management

Management Assignment Solution on Busan-Geoje Block-Buster Project Management


Busan-Geoje undersea link masterpiece is one of the world's biggest engineering mega projects, connecting the metropolis of Busan and Geoje Island. This undersea link has resulted in the reduction of travel distance from 140km to 60 km which further results in the reduction of environmental impact by traffic. It is Korea's record breaking 8.2 km bridge and tunnel link. The tunnel bridge consists of an immersed tube tunnel system at the depth of 48 m. It took six years for the proper functioning of the link. The GK Corporation and the South Korean government were behind the funding of this project.


The Busan-Geoje undersea link provides a roadway link between the metropolis of Busan and the beautiful Island Geoje. This project is one of the most challenging projects because of the following reasons: (1) This project lies in the China Sea, which wave height varies from 9m to 23m, this can be fatal to the project (2) The thickness of the clay is 20 m with very high plasticity and a structured force of about 14.6 kN/m3 (3) The sea link is divided into 18 elements of 180 m length, consists of 8 segments each, which is a challenge in itself because it requires proper care and support. Variation in trench excavation, the variation in consolidation rate, and bad soil conditions for constructing cemented structure creates many bottlenecks in this project. The undersea tunnel at Busan-Geoje is special in many ways; it embroiders the fixed link between Denmark and Sweden, but goes far in comparison with today common practice and set up a beautiful example of concrete immersed tunnel technology. Many undersea projects lack immersed tunnel projects. But, nowadays there are some undersea tunnels where you can find immersion of tunnel elements. Busan-Geoje is on such fixed link projects which have such traits still a proper execution of this technology is vital for smooth functioning and safety features. The aim of this white paper is an appraisal of the existing technology in the form of newly developed tunnel elements, and to study the dynamic behavior of a tunnel element during the immersion process.


Busan-Geoje undersea link was designed and constructed in such a way to reduce travel times between Busan and island Geoje to reduce the travelling time from 1 hour to just 10 minutes by motor car. It is made of 2 girder bridges (supported by a cable) and a tunnel. The construction of the submerged channel was accomplished by transporting each of its 18 elements below two pontoons from the construction dock. This is a unique project in comparison with other sea link projects because; in this project the tunnel elements down under the sea, in a bay with direct access towards the open sea. The major threat to the project was the incoming swells and wind, so a proper investigation was done using the combination of hydrodynamic model tests and time-domain analysis. The project was completed in the three stages that have been elucidated below (Cummins, 2009).


Hydrodynamic tests and time-domain simulations of this undersea link project were conducted by the Maritime Research Institute Netherlands at the request of Daewoo Engineering and construction Ltd. Testing was performed using computer simulations in the fall of 2007. Complete research on tunnel immersion for this fixed link has been explained.

Methodology for applied testing

The tested tunnel element supports the Busan-Geoje link, is huge and has an external width of 26.5m which incorporates two lanes of traffic in each and every direction. Wilde, Berg and Van (2008) claims that, the 3.24 km long tunnel consists of 18 elements that. These elements are 180 m long. And a 12.5 m deep trench for the immersed tube element was designed. The element at either end of the tunnel sits on the bedrock at the given conditions of the central sections, in this project appraisal, we are talking about a newly inducted approach used for immersing the tunnel element. To prove this point, the team has done the hydrodynamic scale tests and computer simulations'.
1. Preliminary tests were carried out to examine the complete behavior of the tunnel element and platoons. It was tested against various variations in wave at different timings.
2. After conducting the model test, to deploy this on a large level simulation model was developed, including a trench, mooring lines, a tunnel element, two pontoons and construction line.
3. Now the calibration of the simulation model was done. Now for the making of a successful real model out of a pilot model some mass and damping coefficient were added.
4. In this step, the more focus was on the validation of the simulation model. And the evaluation of various parameters is done on more than 10 different operational criteria…

Read more in the complete solution PDF document at the end of this page.


The tunnel elements which support the Busan-Geoje link is large and have an external width of 26.5m incorporates two lanes of traffic in each and every direction. The 3.24 km length of the tunnel consists of 18 elements that are 180 m long. 12.5 m deep trench for the immersed tube element was fabricated; the element at either end of the tunnel sits on the bedrock, but the given conditions of the central sections are not up to the mark. Partial cement deep soil mixing called CDM was used to improve the ground in the seabed. For this project, Daewoo took a decision to use Grout bedding layers because these layers have been used on the huge basis in previous undersea projects (Ogilvie, 2009)

Read more in the complete solution PDF document at the end of this page.


Prediction of weather conditions ahead of deploying operations is a very important and accurate view could result in better performance, Daewoo, the company behind this project has implemented a special type of technology for forecasting the weather. Elements are not positioned during a typhoon season that is from July to September…

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All projects are subject to some major challenges. There are some universal challenges that apply to almost every single project, especially the size and magnitude of a project such as the Busan Geoje Link. Some of the major project challenges can be outlined as:
• Lack of clear goals.
• Lack of a clear project scope, or a variable scope.
• Lack of adequate skills to implement the project.
• No accountability for the project.
• Lack of a proper risk assessment and management.
• Unclear plans for contingency….

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The main goal of the project was to cut down the travel time from Busan (the second largest city in Korea) to the island of Geoje. (Kable, n.d) Before the link, travel between Busan and Geoje was a three hour journey, involving either a 140 km stretch, accompanied by ferry. (Kable, n.d) After the link was completed, the travel time was reduced to just an hour, with a direct link between Busan and Geoje stretching approximately 60km. (Kable, n.d)…

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While the main goal of the project is to reduce travel time between Busan and Geoje, it is feared that down the line, the project may become an exhibit of Korea's technological innovation. It has already been hailed as 'one of the longest in the world to date, especially in an area where there is so much seismic activity' (Kable, n.d)

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Risk management is an integral tool in the hand of Project Managers. (University Alliance, 2015) Most projects, even if well planned and executed, can and will face unfavorable factors, (University Alliance, 2015) which may be unexpected or sudden in nature. In the case of the Busan Geoje Link, project managers had to account for several natural risks that may occur given the nature of the project. The project was laid in an area prone to earthquakes and typhoons. The engineers installed 'five sets of balanced cantilever' (Yeoward Koo & Frazer, 2010, p. 60)to act as temporary stabilizers in case of typhoons. (Yeoward Koo & Frazer, 2010)

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Proper resource management holds the key to a successful project development and implementation. Resources include time, money, labor, and materials. Moreover, proper resource management also relies on the supply chain management that is used in the project, which includes transportation as well. In the Busan Geoje Link project, proper resource management techniques have been found to have been used. In a project of its magnitude, materials management is extremely important, as it ensures that continuous development is taking place. With a high and varied nature of materials utilized for this project, the project managers have done well to optimally utilize the various resources required.

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